This August, 2017 when world was celebrating Independence day, I had to book an emergency flight back to Mumbai so that I could be treated well and fight for my freedom from mosquito borne disease: Dengue. One week in hospital, two weeks bed rest and many day of fever and weakness, this mosquito-borne disease is not a normal one. Even for recovery you need a month because it makes your body completely weak.
There were many friends and relatives of mine who were suffering from Dengue, for some got recovered easily but for one of my relative it was almost life threatening as he couldn’t figure out earlier that the fever he was going through wasn’t a viral fever but a Dengue fever. Dengue, if detected early can be treated well and if not can also be life threatening. It is essential to know the symptoms of Dengue and how to prevent it.
So this blog is to aware you all about the mosquito-borne disease “Dengue”
So, lets first know what is Dengue?
Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease caused by four different virus types, DENV 1-4, and spread by the Aedes mosquito. There are about 390 million dengue infections reported every year, of which 96 million exhibit symptoms. At present, about 3.9 billion people in over 128 countries are at risk for dengue.
Symptoms of Dengue:
- Begins with a sudden onset of fever.
- Painful Headache.
- Pain in the abdomen, back, back of the eyes.
- Skin rash.
- Muscle and joint pain.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Lose of appetite.
- In severe case, there is serious bleeding and shock which can be life threatening.
Those who become infected with the virus a second time are at a significantly greater risk of developing severe disease
How can we prevent dengue?
Dengue is spread by the Aedes mosquito, which prefers biting during the day time (sunlight hours). Even a single mosquito bite can lead to dengue. One mosquito bite can also be life threatening, so it is important to be aware about the mosquito-borne disease and ways to prevent it to protect our loved ones. Both indoor and outdoor prevention is necessary (especially during day time).
Before stepping out especially for kids, make sure to use personal repellents like Good knight Fabric Roll-On (or the Good knight cool gel/patches etc.), they can help prevent mosquito bites.
Shutting the doors and windows in evening can also help us to prevent mosquito bites.
Do follow Good knight, to know more about the products that help us prevent Dengue and other mosquito-borne diseases.
The ideas mentioned above are just prevention steps, but sometimes even after being cautious and prepared we might get bitten by mosquito which could lead to Dengue. Sometimes, even the doctors fail to recognize that fever is Dengue fever and too much delay in treating Dengue can be life threatening. Please do not ignore any symptoms of Dengue and do not assume that it is a viral and will get cured in few days just like I thought. In my case, the doctor immediately asked me to get Dengue test done but in my relatives case, the doctors failed to recognize it was dengue and when they realized it was dengue, he had to suffer a lot during treatment phase.
Dengue can be diagnosed using laboratory tests to determine the presence of dengue antibodies (IgG and IgM) and through polymerase chain reactions (PCR) to determine the presence of the virus. Ideally, these tests must be done within the first few days of the patient presenting symptoms. The tests can be carried out at the local hospital or health clinic.
There is no specific treatment available for this mosquito-borne disease. Dengue leads to reduction in platelet counts, fruits like Kiwi, Dragon fruits helps to keep the platelet counts. One needs to drink 4-5 liters of water. Treatment includes fluids and pain relievers. Severe cases require hospital care.
I hope this blog post will help you to protect yourself and your loved ones from Dengue.